Top 10 Self Portraits by famous artists – and not only photographers
Everybody is taking selfies these days, but the art of self-portraiture has been there for centuries. Van Gogh and Rembrandt were taking “selfies” long before Kim Kardashian and any other living person with a cell phone. And no, they didn’t use selfie sticks and not every self-portrait is an Instagram snapshot. The art of self-portraits is a true art form if you take it seriously. The great artists from the past were taking self-portraits for good artistic reasons, not just because it was ‘en vogue’. Several years ago I was so fascinated by self-portraits from other artists that it inspired me to write down the following on the art of self-portraiture back in 2009: “Self-portraits are in my view quintessential for how an artist views the world. The photographer captures the world around him and shows us how he views the world. But this world also consists of the artist him(her)self. Any world without a view of the artist himself through his own eyes is not a complete view of the world. Show me a thousand beautiful photos by a photographer of the world around him, and I will only know half the person. But show me also one self-portrait, and I will know the complete person.” I didn’t anticipate today’s selfie hype back then: I now see far too many views on the world on the Internet! Anyway, I still admire the self-portraits of famous artists I admired then, so here’s my personal list of the ten best self-portraits in the history of art. Yes, art, as in not-only-photography-but-also-painting. At least a few of them have inspired me to take self-portraits as well. Without a selfie stick that is…
1. Vincent van Gogh – 1853 – 1890
Famous Dutch and tormented painter admired all over the world. Created ‘Starry Night’, arguably his most famous painting, that is hanging in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York. I’ve seen it, it’s impressive. Just like the crowds of people lining up in front of his painting. Also impressive is his life story as written down in Irving Stone’s must-read book “Lust for Life”, to get an idea of Van Gogh’s life, his time in the Belgian coal mines, the poverty he lived in, the love of his life and his creative passion that brought him to madness at the end of his life. Below, is Van Gogh’s self-portrait painting and a photo taken by another photographer at the age of 13. Spot the differences!
Quote: “I feel such a creative force in me: I am convinced that there will be a time when let us say, I will make something good every day, on a regular basis….I am doing my very best to make every effort because I am longing so much to make beautiful things. But beautiful things mean painstaking work, disappointment, and perseverance.”
Van Gogh made about 40 self portraits during his life. This self portrait (left), dated 1889, was painted a year after Van Gogh cut off his ear. Considered to be his last, or one of his last, self portraits.
2. Rembrandt van Rijn – 1606 – 1669
Again a Dutch painter. Somehow the Dutch made quite an impression. This famous artist though, didn’t cut off his ear but he left a legacy that still influences artists in painting and especially also in photography. Every portrait photographer should know the famous Rembrandt Lighting. Rembrandt introduced a very specific lighting in painting: a triangle of light just below the eye on the side of the face that is covered in shadows. Every studio portrait photographer today knows about Rembrandt lighting and how to create this specific, dramatic lighting effect. Just one proof that it really pays off to not only study other photographers, when looking for inspiration, but also to study other visual art forms. One other famous example: the Italian painter Caravaggio introduced a dramatic feature in painting with harsh contrasts that is now called chiaroscuro. Another important style element in today’s photography every serious photographer should know about! Rembrandt produced over 90 self portraits, from 1620 to 1669. His most famous painting arguably is “The Night watch” which obviously isn’t a self portrait.
3. Richard Avedon – 1923 – 2004
Without a doubt one of the greatest portrait and fashion photographers the world has known. Not the first fashion photographer, that was Martin Munkacsi, one of Avedon’s inspirations, but certainly one of the most well-known. Avedon created many iconic photographs. His fashion photographs often had a lot of dynamic movement or a very low vantage point, shot from up close that almost distorted the view, but in a way that made the subject more ‘elegant’. Most of his portrait photographs had a simple white background and a head-to-waist shot with often a hand cut off and almost always with the typical Avedon framing: a black interrupted border. Of course, Avedon has created quite a few self-portraits as well, like so many reputed artists have done before and after him. I can highly recommend browsing the beautifully presented photos on Richard Avedon’s website.
4. Diane Arbus – 1923 – 1971
Diane Arbus often depicted ‘marginal’ people, the outsiders of society, sometimes leaving you disturbed as a viewer. She has been called “the photographer of freaks” (not my words) and looking at the people she portrayed in a way that can be uncomfortable for the viewer, from circus performers to dwarfs, twins, triplets, and transsexuals, you can perhaps understand why. It is said that Diane Arbus’ photo of the Identical Twins inspired film director Stanley Kubrick for the famous ‘twins scene’ in the film the Shining. Have a look at it yourself below. What is sure is that Kubrick was a professional photographer himself before venturing into cinematography and it shows in all of his beautiful scenes. Talking about cinematography: there’s a movie on the life of Diane Arbus played by Nicole Kidman called Fur. But I would recommend browsing her beautiful work.
5. Robert Mapplethorpe – 1946 – 1989
A ‘bad boy’ among photographers. Known for his portraits of famous people, with a preoccupation for nude muscular bodies or body parts, self-portraits, and still life work. He photographed Arnold Schwarzenegger at a time when Schwarzenegger was mostly known as the world’s best bodybuilder ever and not yet involved in Hollywood movies or American politics. He also photographed female bodybuilders like Lisa Lyons. His self-portraits are numerous and famous. His still life work has been very influential and he left the world with some of the most beautiful photographs of Calla lilies and other flowers. Funny fact: if you do a Google search on Mapplethorpe and still life or flowers you will see a lot of my humble still-life photos between Mapplethorpe’s on the first three rows of the first page with images. Proof that Mapplethorpe had a big influence on me.
6. Vivian Maier – 1926 – 2009
Vivian Maier, most famous for her wonderful street photography, also produced a large number of self portraits, often reflections in windows. Perhaps she could be labeled a self-portrait photographer of the streets. Maier, originally a nanny by day, and a photographer for the rest of the day, was a very private person who hid her photographs for the public very carefully. Due to that, her work, depicting urban life of New York and Chicago in the second half of the 20th century, was only discovered in 2007 and unveiled to the public by John Maloof who curates her work and also made a documentary film on Vivian Maier called ‘Finding Vivian Maier‘, nominated for an Oscar for Best Documentary in 2015. Maier’s fame as one of America’s most renowned street photographers, unfortunately only came posthumous. Have a look at her wonderful work. And self-portrait. And documentary.
(c) Copyright Estate Vivian Maier
7. Andy Warhol – 1928 – 1987
What can I add to what’s already known about Andy Warhol, the leading figure of a visual arts movement called Pop Art that integrated popular imagery into other visual media? He ‘Warholized’ himself in a self portrait in his very recognizable and typical way. Just like he did with other icons from modern culture like Marilyn Monroe or Campbell’s soup. Warhol was an artist, photographer, painter, musician and so much more. A visionary. The saying ‘everyone will have his 15 minutes of fame’ was his, expressed before the I